Manual upgrade to Oracle 19c (CDB/PDB)

 

manually to 19c …. 

Actually it is very cool to do everything with so called „auto tools“. If you prefer to do the Upgrade to 19c manually and step-by-step then you can follow my article and have fun otherwise skip this blog article

Before you start you need to read a lot Doc-ID’s from Oracle Support

My list is not complete but here are very important Doc-ID’s for the Upgrade

Pre Activities for Upgrade 19c

(the list is not complete because there are a lot more documents)

    • Release Schedule of current DB
      • 884522.1
    • Patches to apply before Upgrade
      • 253975.1
    • Health Check Script use before Upgrade or once a year
      • 136697.1
    • DB PreUpgrade tool checklist
      • 2380601.1
    • PreUpgrade_19 Zip File latest Version (check for new Version)
      • 884522.1
    • RU Assistant (very helpful tool)
      • 2118136.2
    • Client / Server Interoperability Support Matrix for Different Oracle Versions
      • 207303.1
    • DB Upgrade Diagnostic Information
      • 556610.1
    • Oracle JVM
      • 397770.1

Okay let’s start

Install new Oracle Release 19c

    • Check if OS Version is certified by Oracle Support
      • Login and check certification

      • If the OS is not supported please open an Service Request and ask for Support
    • Download the Oracle Release from
      • OTN or Software Delivery Portal
      • in my example 19c

    •  create new Oracle Home for 19c
      • Use OFA (Oracle Flexible Architecture) for the Setup
        • Documentation: "/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0.0/dbhome_1"
    • unpack the zip File./runInstaller
    • Follow the Installer
    • root.sh
      • fix errors before going on

 

Patch the new ORACLE_HOME with latest RU

    • Install latest version of opatch
    • Download RU

        • p30125133_190000_Linux-x86-64.zip
    • Patch 19c Home
      • opatch apply -local -oh /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0.0/dbhome_1 /home/oracle/Downloads/30125133
      • patching done

      • Test the installed RU
        • ./sqlplus / as sysdba
        • SQL*Plus: Release 19.0.0.0.0 – Production on Thu Dec 5 18:00:34 2019
          Version 19.5.0.0.0

 

Important note while planing the Upgrade to 19c

    • In Oracle19c you can setup 3 PDB’s  in a CDB without the Multitenant license
    • Oracle will desupport the non-CDB in Version 20c
      • This is very important for the future
    • My recommendation
      • plan the changeover in the Multitenant „World“ NOW!
      • It’s time so say good bye … from non-CDB

 

Download, install and run the Database Pre-Upgrade Utility

    • Download from Oracle Support the actual Pre-Upgrade Script
      • actual Version is from November 2019
    • If version is 12.2 or higher, then save the file in $ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin
      • unzip preupgrade_19_cbuild_5_lf.zip
      • fileinflating: components.properties
        inflating: preupgrade.jar
        [oracle@o183 admin]$
      • new „Nov 6 13:40 preupgrade.jar“
    • Now it is time to read the documentation
    • start preupgrade.jar
      • $ORACLE_HOME/jdk/bin/java -jar /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0.0/dbhome_1/rdbms/admin/preupgrade.jar TERMINAL TEXT
    • preupgrade Logfile
      • cd /u01/app/oracle/cfgtoollogs/db1_S1/preupgrade
      • Check the Logfile „preupgrade.log“
      • here an example
        • preupgrade
          • Before Upgrade actions
          • After Upgrade actions
      • additional very helpful files
        • preupgrade_fixups.sql
        • postupgrade_fixups.sql
      • and check the Logfile
        • Fix all errors
        • Now you are ready for the Upgrade

 

Oracle JVM installed 

    • Before doing an Upgrade check if the JVM is installed.
    • Why?
      • If you don not need the JVM in the Database deinstall it
      • It makes live in some cases especially during Patching (especially for RAC DB’s) easier
    • Check if JVM is installed
      • select comp_name, version, status from dba_registry where comp_name like ‚%JAVA%‘;
      • select owner, status, count(*) from all_objects where object_type like ‚%JAVA%‘ group by owner, status;
      • select role from dba_roles where role like ‚%JAVA%‘;
    • The  DBA_FEATURE_USAGE_STATISTICS view can also help to check for the Java feature
      • select currently_used, name from  dba_feature_usage_statistics where name like ‚%Java%‘;

 

So Installation, RU and preUpgrade is done. Let’s go to the manual „dbupgrade“ ….

 

Manual Upgrade to 19c

I describe now how to do the Upgrade to 19c manually without using dbua. Here is my CDB/PDB environment

CDB => db1

PDB  => pdb1, pdb2,pdb3

    • Start the CDB in upgrade mode
      • sqlplus / as sysdba
      • startup upgrade
      • Open all PDB for Upgrade
      • alter pluggable database all open upgrade;

the output looks like

  
Version 19.5.0.0.0</pre>
<pre>Copyright (c) 1982, 2019, Oracle. All rights reserved.
Connected to an idle instance.

SQL> startup upgrade
ORACLE instance started.

SQL> alter pluggable database all open upgrade;
Pluggable database altered.

SQL> show pdbs
CON_ID CON_NAME OPEN MODE RESTRICTED
---------- ------------------------------ ---------- ----------
2 PDB$SEED MIGRATE YES
3 PDB1 MIGRATE YES
4 PDB2 MIGRATE YES
5 PDB3 MIGRATE YES

    • Start dbupgrade for the entire CDB in so called „parallel Upgrade“
      • cd $ORACLE_HOME/bin
      • ./dbupgrade
        • when finished check Logfiles
        • open all PDB’s
        • alter pluggable database all open;
./dbupgrade
Argument list for [/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0.0/dbhome_1/rdbms/admin/catctl.pl]
....
catctl.pl VERSION: [19.0.0.0.0]
STATUS: [Production]
BUILD: [RDBMS_19.5.0.0.0DBRU_LINUX.X64_190909]

/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0.0/dbhome_1/rdbms/admin/orahome = [/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0.0/dbhome_1]
/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0.0/dbhome_1/bin/orabasehome = [/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0.0/dbhome_1]
catctlGetOraBaseLogDir = [/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0.0/dbhome_1]

Analyzing file /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0.0/dbhome_1/rdbms/admin/catupgrd.sql

Log file directory = [/tmp/cfgtoollogs/upgrade20191217191042]

catcon::set_log_file_base_path: ALL catcon-related output will be written to [/tmp/cfgtoollogs/upgrade20191217191042/catupgrd_catcon_19846.lst]

catcon::set_log_file_base_path: catcon: See [/tmp/cfgtoollogs/upgrade20191217191042/catupgrd*.log] files for output generated by scripts

catcon::set_log_file_base_path: catcon: See [/tmp/cfgtoollogs/upgrade20191217191042/catupgrd_*.lst] files for spool files, if any

Number of Cpus = 2
Database Name = db1_S1
DataBase Version = 18.0.0.0.0
catcon::set_log_file_base_path: ALL catcon-related output will be written to [/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0.0/dbhome_1/cfgtoollogs/db1_S1/upgrade20191217191058/catupgrdcdbroot_catcon_19846.lst]

catcon::set_log_file_base_path: catcon: See [/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0.0/dbhome_1/cfgtoollogs/db1_S1/upgrade20191217191058/catupgrdcdbroot*.log] files for output generated by scripts

catcon::set_log_file_base_path: catcon: See [/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0.0/dbhome_1/cfgtoollogs/db1_S1/upgrade20191217191058/catupgrdcdbroot_*.lst] files for spool files, if any

Log file directory = [/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0.0/dbhome_1/cfgtoollogs/db1_S1/upgrade20191217191058]

PDB Parallel SQL Process Count = [2] is higher or equal to CPU Count = [2]
Concurrent PDB Upgrades defaulting to CPU Count [2]
Parallel SQL Process Count (PDB) = 2
Parallel SQL Process Count (CDB$ROOT) = 4
Concurrent PDB Upgrades = 2
Generated PDB Inclusion:[PDB$SEED PDB1 PDB2 PDB3]
Components in [CDB$ROOT]
Installed [APS CATALOG CATJAVA CATPROC CONTEXT DV JAVAVM OLS ORDIM OWM SDO XDB XML XOQ]
Not Installed [APEX EM MGW ODM RAC WK]

------------------------------------------------------
Phases [0-107] Start Time:[2019_12_17 19:11:29]
Container Lists Inclusion:[CDB$ROOT] Exclusion:[NONE]
------------------------------------------------------
... 

Upgrade Phases 

*************   Catproc Package Specs   ************
Serial   Phase #:11   [CDB$ROOT] Files:1    Time: 58s
Restart  Phase #:12   [CDB$ROOT] Files:1    Time: 4s
**************   Catproc Procedures   **************
Parallel Phase #:13   [CDB$ROOT] Files:94   Time: 15s
Restart  Phase #:14   [CDB$ROOT] Files:1    Time: 4s
Parallel Phase #:15   [CDB$ROOT] Files:121  Time: 19s
Restart  Phase #:16   [CDB$ROOT] Files:1    Time: 3s
Serial   Phase #:17   [CDB$ROOT] Files:22   Time: 8s
Restart  Phase #:18   [CDB$ROOT] Files:1    Time: 3s
*****************   Catproc Views   ****************
Parallel Phase #:19   [CDB$ROOT] Files:32   Time: 23s
Restart  Phase #:20   [CDB$ROOT] Files:1    Time: 3s
Serial   Phase #:21   [CDB$ROOT] Files:3    Time: 17s
Restart  Phase #:22   [CDB$ROOT] Files:1    Time: 1s
Parallel Phase #:23   [CDB$ROOT] Files:25   Time: 144s
....
Restart  Phase #:32   [CDB$ROOT] Files:1    Time: 3s
Serial   Phase #:34   [CDB$ROOT] Files:1    Time: 0s
*****************   Catproc PLBs   *****************
Serial   Phase #:35   [CDB$ROOT] Files:294  Time: 27s
Serial   Phase #:36   [CDB$ROOT] Files:1    Time: 0s
Restart  Phase #:37   [CDB$ROOT] Files:1    Time: 3s
Serial   Phase #:38   [CDB$ROOT] Files:6    Time: 9s
Restart  Phase #:39   [CDB$ROOT] Files:1    Time: 4s
***************   Catproc DataPump   ***************
Serial   Phase #:40   [CDB$ROOT] Files:3    Time: 41s
Restart  Phase #:41   [CDB$ROOT] Files:1    Time: 3s
...
*****************   Upgrading SDO   ****************
Restart  Phase #:74   [CDB$ROOT] Files:1    Time: 2s
Serial   Phase #:76   [CDB$ROOT] Files:1    Time: 65s
Serial   Phase #:77   [CDB$ROOT] Files:2    Time: 11s
Restart  Phase #:78   [CDB$ROOT] Files:1    Time: 3s
Serial   Phase #:79   [CDB$ROOT] Files:1    Time: 77s
Restart  Phase #:80   [CDB$ROOT] Files:1    Time: 3s
Parallel Phase #:81   [CDB$ROOT] Files:3    Time: 86s
Restart  Phase #:82   [CDB$ROOT] Files:1    Time: 4s
Serial   Phase #:83   [CDB$ROOT] Files:1    Time: 12s
Restart  Phase #:84   [CDB$ROOT] Files:1    Time: 2s
....
<strong>So now the PDB Upgrade starts</strong> ...
------------------------------------------------------
Phases [0-107]         Start Time:[2019_12_17 19:49:12]
Container Lists Inclusion:[PDB$SEED] Exclusion:[NONE]
------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------
Phases [0-107]         Start Time:[2019_12_17 19:49:13]
Container Lists Inclusion:[PDB1] Exclusion:[NONE]
------------------------------------------------------
***********   Executing Change Scripts   ***********
Serial   Phase #:0    [PDB$SEED] Files:1 ***********   Executing Change Scripts   ***********
Serial   Phase #:0    [PDB1] Files:1    Time: 20s
***************   Catalog Core SQL   ***************
Serial   Phase #:1    [PDB$SEED] Files:5    Time: 20s
***************   Catalog Core SQL   ***************
Serial   Phase #:1    [PDB1] Files:5    Time: 57s
Restart  Phase #:2    [PDB$SEED] Files:1    Time: 56s
Restart  Phase #:2    [PDB1] Files:1    Time: 2s
***********   Catalog Tables and Views   ***********
Parallel Phase #:3    [PDB$SEED] Files:19    Time: 2s
***********   Catalog Tables and Views   ***********
Parallel Phase #:3    [PDB1] Files:19   Time: 31s
Restart  Phase #:4    [PDB$SEED] Files:1   Time: 32s

<strong>... next PDB upgrade</strong>

------------------------------------------------------
Phases [0-107]         Start Time:[2019_12_17 20:30:33]
Container Lists Inclusion:[PDB2] Exclusion:[NONE]
------------------------------------------------------
***********   Executing Change Scripts   ***********
Serial   Phase #:0    [PDB2] Files:1    Time: 20s
***************   Catalog Core SQL   ***************
Serial   Phase #:1    [PDB2] Files:5    Time: 41s
Restart  Phase #:2    [PDB2] Files:1    Time: 1s
***********   Catalog Tables and Views   ***********
Parallel Phase #:3    [PDB2] Files:19   Time: 28s
Restart  Phase #:4    [PDB2] Files:1    Time: 1s
*************   Catalog Final Scripts   ************
Serial   Phase #:5    [PDB2] Files:7    Time: 23s
*****************   Catproc Start   ****************


------------------------------------------------------
Phases [0-107] End Time:[2019_12_17 21:31:53]
Container Lists Inclusion:[PDB3] Exclusion:[NONE]
------------------------------------------------------

Grand Total Time: 3373s [PDB3]

LOG FILES: (/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0.0/dbhome_1/cfgtoollogs/db1_S1/upgrade20191217191058/catupgrdpdb3*.log)

Upgrade Summary Report Located in:
/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0.0/dbhome_1/cfgtoollogs/db1_S1/upgrade20191217191058/upg_summary.log

Time: 2219s For CDB$ROOT
Time: 6208s For PDB(s)

Grand Total Time: 8427s

LOG FILES: (/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0.0/dbhome_1/cfgtoollogs/db1_S1/upgrade20191217191058/catupgrdcdbroot*.log)

Upgrade Summary Report Located in:
/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0.0/dbhome_1/cfgtoollogs/db1_S1/upgrade20191217191058/upg_summary.log

Grand Total Upgrade Time: [0d:2h:20m:27s]

Post Steps after dbupgrade 

    • recompile objects
      • Start the CDB and PDB’s
        • sqlplus / as sysdba
        • startup
        • alter pluggable database all open
      • $ORACLE_HOME/perl/bin/perl catcon.pl -n 1 -e -b utlrp -d “‘.“‘ utlrp.sql
        • catcon.pl: completed successfully
        • Check the Logfile
    • start the postupgrade_fixups.sql if needed
      • $ORACLE_HOME/perl/bin/perl catcon.pl -n 1 -e -b postupgrade_fixups -d “‘.“‘ postupgrade_fixups.sql

 

    • Check if all open issues are fixed with utlusts.sql if needed
      • $ORACLE_HOME/perl/bin/perl catcon.pl -n 1 -e -b utlu122s -d “‘.“‘ utlusts.sql
      • Example Output from PDB2
 

SQL> @utlusts.sql

Oracle Database Release 19 Post-Upgrade Status Tool 12-19-2019 17:26:3
Container Database: DB1
[CON_ID: 4 => PDB2]

Component Current Full Elapsed Time
Name Status Version HH:MM:SS

Oracle Server                       VALID 19.5.0.0.0 00:14:06
JServer JAVA Virtual Machine        VALID 19.5.0.0.0 00:00:46
Oracle XDK VALID 19.5.0.0.0 00:00:52
Oracle Database Java Packages       VALID 19.5.0.0.0 00:00:17
OLAP Analytic Workspace             VALID 19.5.0.0.0 00:00:15
Oracle Label Security               VALID 19.5.0.0.0 00:00:03
Oracle Database Vault               VALID 19.5.0.0.0 00:00:44
Oracle Text                         VALID 19.5.0.0.0 00:00:09
Oracle Workspace Manager            VALID 19.5.0.0.0 00:00:17
Oracle Real Application Clusters OPTION OFF 19.5.0.0.0 00:00:00
Oracle XML Database                 VALID 19.5.0.0.0 00:02:05
Oracle Multimedia                   VALID 19.5.0.0.0 00:00:33
Spatial                             VALID 19.5.0.0.0 00:20:53
Oracle OLAP API                     VALID 19.5.0.0.0 00:00:08
Datapatch 00:06:48
Final Actions 00:07:03
Post Upgrade 00:01:54
Post Compile 00:08:03

Summary

The manual Upgrade to Oracle 19.5 for my CDB / PDB Setup is done

Take in mind that you need some more time to prepare everything and read the documentation and Doc’s from Oracle Support before you start. It makes life easier

By the way without a Login to the My Oracle Support Site to get the Doc-ID’s and Patches the Upgrade is not possible

And last but not least, please check the Blog from Mike Dietrich https://mikedietrichde.com/

Mike has the best Oracle Blog if you need to do Oracle Upgrades

Thanks a lot Mike. :-)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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